Impact Evaluation and Situational Analysis

End-line Evaluation of Integrated Somalia Relief and Recovery Program (ISRP) for CARE Somalia (Aug –Nov 2021)

The goal of the ISRP is “reduced suffering, morbidity and mortality for vulnerable Somalis affected by climate-related & conflict disasters, with particular emphasis on children under five and pregnant & lactating women (PLWs).” The program’s sub-sectors include: Economic Recovery and Market Systems (ERMS), Health, Humanitarian Coordination and Information Management, Nutrition, Protection and WASH. ISRP project was designed to serve least 226,300 beneficiaries in disaster- affected areas of Somalia (Bari, Galgadud, Hiran, Lower Juba, Mudug, Sanaag, Sool, and Togdheer regions) over a 10-month period (October 2020 to July 2021). It was designed to build on the achievements of the 2019-2020 USAID/OFDA-funded program. Rufmo was contracted to conduct final evaluation with the view to demonstrate if the project contributed to desired outcomes and

  • To measure the overall appropriateness, effectiveness and efficiency of the program in light of the situation at baseline.
  • To identify best practices and key lessons in technical aspects as well as the program management approach to facilitate continued learning and improvement of humanitarian emergency response.

End-line Study of the Somalia Relief and Integrated Program (SRRP)

SRRP was a 12-month project built on the achievements of the 2018 – 2019 USAID/OFDA-funded program. The project specifically targeted IDPs, pastoralists, returnees and vulnerable groups of host communities prioritizing women-headed households, persons living with disability, the elderly, and adolescent girls. USAID/OFDA-funded activities were complemented with funding from USAID/FFP, GAC, UNOCHA, WFP and UNICEF in the program areas. The purpose of the evaluation was to assess specific aspects of the relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, sustainability, innovation and flexibility of the SRRP project in achieving its objective and Inform the next phase of the programme, and areas for enhanced synergies with other programmes.

Conflict Analysis of the Mandera Triangle (Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia cross-border) –sub contracted by Centre for Research and Integrated Development (CERID) –Dec 2016 to July 2017

The Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations (UN) entered into an agreement to execute IGAD-FAO Partnership Program (PP) interventions on drought resilience in the Horn of Africa region (HoA). As result, PP intends to conduct conflict analysis in the targeted location for the intervention, which includes cross-border area lying at the intersection between Ethiopia (Liben), Kenya (Mandera) and Somalia (Gedo). Centre for Research and Integrated Development (CERID) was contracted to undertake this study.

The conflict analysis aimed to identify the causes of disputes and conflicts in the IGAD/FAO intervention areas, drivers, trends, connectors and triggers, as well as avenues for translating conflict analyses into programming responses and actions that will help build livelihoods and diminish conflict outbreak or escalation. The primary objective of the study was to examine impacts of violent conflicts on livelihoods of affected communities while studying community capacities to respond and mitigate conflicts at community levels. The survey focused to identify common causes and triggers of conflicts as it examined effects, levels of conflicts on physical environments, delivery of social services and humanitarian aids, consumption and managements of natural resources as well communities’ cultural ties and inter-trade.

The study covered the intervention location targeted for initial intervention, which includes the cross- border area lying at the intersection between Ethiopia (Liben), Kenya (Mandera) and Somalia (Gedo). The specific areas of coverage are Mandera district in Kenya, Doloobay and Dolo Ado districts in Ethiopia and Dollow, Belet-hawa and Elwak districts in Somalia.

The study, which was conducted from March 2016 to April 2017, covered selected villages and institutions in Doloobay and Dolo Ado districts in Ethiopia, Mandera district in Kenya and Dollow, Belet-Hawa and Elwak in Somalia. The study adopted a mixed descriptive qualitative and quantitative study design and desk research. The quantitative design adopted a survey method targeting